Skip to Main Content U.S. Department of Energy
Applied Geology and Geochemistry

Vince Vermeul

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Mr. Vermeul has over 22 years of experience as a research engineer in the Environmental Systems Group of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, with a focus on hydrologic and geochemical characterization, environmental monitoring, interpretation of hydrologic testing datasets, and developing/demonstrating groundwater remediation technologies. His education includes a bachelor’s degree in Agricultural Engineering and a master’s degree in Civil (Environmental) Engineering, with an emphasis in groundwater hydrology and numerical modeling of groundwater systems. Over the years, he has been involved in numerous remedial investigations and the development/deployment of groundwater remediation technologies at Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and Environmental Protection Agency sites located across the country. Projects specifically related to energy resources have included environmental monitoring of oil shale development, tracer methods for engineered geothermal systems, and environmental monitoring of carbon capture and sequestration in deep geologic formations. This experience has provided many direct examples of geohydrologic and geochemical heterogeneity in the subsurface, and an appreciation of the fact that these heterogeneities must be considered and accounted for when developing site conceptual models. Mr. Vermeul is also experienced in the development and interpretation of regional and local-scale groundwater flow and contaminant transport models, including both forward and inverse modeling approaches.

Research Interests

  • Water resources
  • Groundwater flow and transport modeling
  • Groundwater remediation technology development
  • Hydrogeologic Characterization

Education and Credentials

  • M.S., Civil Engineering, Oregon State University, 1990
  • B.S., Agricultural Engineering, Oregon State University, 1988

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • Certified Engineer–in–Training; Oregon State Board of Engineering Examiners

Awards and Recognitions

  • Excellence in Hazardous Materials Management Award, 2009
  • R&D Magazine 100 Award, 1998, “In Situ Redox Manipulation”
  • U.S. Patent 6,348,501; Flow Through Electrode with Automated Calibration, Issued August 20, 2002.
  • EED Outstanding Performance Awards
  • Bechtel Hanford, Inc., Gold Award

PNNL Publications


  • Gilmore TJ, AH Bonneville, EC Sullivan, ME Kelley, D Appriou, VR Vermeul, SK White, Z Zhang, BN Bjornstad, F Cornet, JL Gerst, N Gupta, G Hund, JA Horner, GV Last, DC Lanigan, M Oostrom, C McNeil, MA Moody, ML Rockhold, ML Elliott, FA Spane, CE Strickland, LL Swartz, PD Thorne, CF Brown, J Hoffmann, and KK Humphreys, JR. 2016. "Characterization and Design of the FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 53:1-10.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.022
  • Vermeul VR, JE Amonette, CE Strickland, MD Williams, and A Bonneville. 2016. "An Overview of the Monitoring Program Design for the FutureGen 2.0 CO2 Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 51:193-206.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.05.023


  • Truex MJ, VR Vermeul, D Adamson, M Oostrom, L Zhong, RD Mackley, BG Fritz, JA Horner, TC Johnson, JN Thomle, DR Newcomer, CD Johnson, M Rysz, TW Wietsma, and CJ Newell. 2015. "Field Test of Enhanced Remedial Amendment Delivery Using a Shear-Thinning Fluid." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 35(3):34-45. 


  • Amonette JE, TA Johnson, CF Spencer, L Zhong, JE Szecsody, and VR Vermeul. 2014. "Geochemical Monitoring Considerations for the FutureGen 2.0 Project." Energy Procedia 63:4095-4111.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.441
  • Gilmore TJ, A Bonneville, VR Vermeul, FA Spane, ME Kelley, EC Sullivan, and J Hoffman. 2014. "Overview of the CO2 Geological Storage Site for the FutureGen Project in Morgan County Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 63:6361-6367.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.671
  • Oostrom M, MJ Truex, VR Vermeul, L Zhong, GD Tartakovsky, and TW Wietsma. 2014. "Remedial Amendment Delivery near the Water Table Using Shear Thinning Fluids: Experiments and Numerical Simulations." Environmental Processes 1(4):331-351.  doi:10.1007/s40710-014-0031-9
  • Strickland CE, VR Vermeul, A Bonneville, EC Sullivan, TC Johnson, FA Spane, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "Geophysical Monitoring Methods Evaluation for the FutureGen 2.0 project." Energy Procedia 63:4394-4403.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.474
  • Szecsody JE, L Zhong, JN Thomle, VR Vermeul, CE Strickland, MD Williams, J Liu, JP McKinley, ME Bowden, TJ Gilmore, EER Eisenhauer, and F Colwell. 2014. "Influence of scCO2 Injection on Precipitation and Metals Migration, and Changes in Electrical Resistivity." Energy Procedia 63:3285-3292.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.356
  • Szecsody JE, VR Vermeul, MD Williams, and MJ Truex. 2014. Hanford Apatite Treatability Test Report Errata: Apatite Mass Loading CalculationPNNL-23367, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Truex MJ, VR Vermeul, N Qafoku, and BD Lee. 2014. Sampling Instruction: 100-D-100 and 100-D-30/104 Excavation Sites PNNL-23542, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vermeul VR, CE Strickland, PD Thorne, BN Bjornstad, RD Mackley, ME Kelley, EC Sullivan, MD Williams, JE Amonette, JL Downs, BG Fritz, JE Szecsody, A Bonneville, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Program: An Overview of the Monitoring Approach and Technologies Selected for Implementation." Energy Procedia 63:4062-4070.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.438
  • Vermeul VR, JE Szecsody, BG Fritz, MD Williams, RC Moore, and JS Fruchter. 2014. "An Injectable Apatite Permeable Reactive Barrier for In Situ 90Sr Immobilization." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 34(2):28-41. 
  • Williams MD, VR Vermeul, M Oostrom, SL Porse, PD Thorne, JE Szecsody, JA Horner, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "Design Support of an above Cap-rock Early Detection Monitoring System using Simulated Leakage Scenarios at the FutureGen2.0 Site." Energy Procedia 63:4071-4082.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.439


  • Chen X, GE Hammond, CJ Murray, ML Rockhold, VR Vermeul, and JM Zachara. 2013. "Applications of Ensemble-based Data Assimilation Techniques for Aquifer Characterization using Tracer Data at Hanford 300 Area." Water Resources Research 49:1-13.  doi:10.1002/2012WR013285
  • Zhong L, M Oostrom, MJ Truex, VR Vermeul, and JE Szecsody. 2013. "Rheological Behavior of Xanthan Gum Solution Related to Shear Thinning Fluid Delivery for Subsurface Remediation." Journal of Hazardous Materials 244-245:160-170.  doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.11.028
  • Bonneville A, TJ Gilmore, EC Sullivan, VR Vermeul, ME Kelley, SK White, D Appriou, BN Bjornstad, JL Gerst, N Gupta, JA Horner, C McNeil, MA Moody, WM Rike, FA Spane, PD Thorne, ER Zeller, ZF Zhang, J Hoffman, and KK Humphreys. 2013. "Evaluating the Suitability for CO2 Storage at the FutureGen 2.0 Site, Morgan County, Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 37:6125-6132.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.541
  • Williams MD, P Reimus, VR Vermeul, P Rose, CA Dean, TB Watson, D Newell, K Leecaster, and E Brauser. 2013. Development of Models to Simulate Tracer Tests for Characterization of Enhanced Geothermal SystemsPNNL-22486, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 



  • Fritz BG, VR Vermeul, JS Fruchter, JE Szecsody, and MD Williams. 2011. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: An update on Barrier PerformancePNNL-20252, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Truex MJ, T Macbeth, VR Vermeul, BG Fritz, DP Mendoza, RD Mackley, TW Wietsma, G Sandberg, T Powell, J Powers, E Pitre, MM Michalsen, S Ballock-Dixon, L Zhong, and M Oostrom. 2011. "Demonstration of Combined Zero-Valent Iron and Electrical Resistance Heating for In Situ Trichloroethene Remediation." Environmental Science & Technology 45(12):5346-5351.  doi:10.1021/es104266a
  • Truex MJ, VR Vermeul, DP Mendoza, BG Fritz, RD Mackley, M Oostrom, TW Wietsma, and T Macbeth. 2011. "Injection of Zero Valent Iron into an Unconfined Aquifer Using Shear-Thinning Fluids." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 31(1):50-58. 
  • Vermeul VR, BG Fritz, JS Fruchter, WJ Greenwood, TC Johnson, JA Horner, CE Strickland, JE Szecsody, and MD Williams. 2011. 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Fall 2010 Tracer Infiltration Test (White Paper) PNNL-20322, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wellman DM, JS Fruchter, VR Vermeul, EL Richards, DP Jansik, and E Edge. 2011. "Evaluation of the efficacy of polyphosphate remediation technology: Direct and indirect remediation of uranium under alkaline conditions." Technology and Innovation 13(2):151-164.  doi:10.3727/194982411X13085939956544
  • Zachara JM, BN Bjornstad, JN Christensen, MS Conrad, JK Fredrickson, MD Freshley, R Haggerty, GE Hammond, DB Kent, A Konopka, PC Lichtner, C Liu, JP McKinley, CJ Murray, ML Rockhold, Y Rubin, VR Vermeul, RJ Versteeg, AL Ward, and C Zheng. 2011. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford's 300 Area Uranium Plume January 2010 to January 2011PNNL-20257, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 




  • Wellman DM, JS Fruchter, VR Vermeul, and MD Williams. 2008. Challenges Associated with Apatite Remediation of Uranium in the 300 Area Aquifer PNNL-17480, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Bjornstad BN, and VR Vermeul. 2008. Drilling Specifications: Well Installations in the 300 Area to Support PNNL's Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFC) ProjectPNNL-17199 Rev. 3, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Szecsody JE, JS Fruchter, CA Burns, ML Rockhold, M Oostrom, MD Williams, and VR Vermeul. 2008. "Sr-90 Immobilization by Infiltration of a Ca-Citrate-PO4 Solution into the Hanford 100-N Area Vadose Zone." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, p. Art. # 8141.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Thompson KM, RJ Fabre, VR Vermeul, JE Szecsody, RJ Fellows, MD Williams, and JS Fruchter. 2008. "An Innovative Approach for Constructing an In-Situ Barrier for Strontium-90 at the Hanford Site, Washington - 9325 ." In Waste Management '09: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, p. Paper No. 9325.  WM Symposia, Inc., Tucson, AZ. 
  • Truex MJ, VR Vermeul, and JS Fruchter. 2008. "Treatability Testing of an In Situ Biostimulation Barrier for Nitrate and Chromium Treatment - 9126 ." In Waste Management Symposium 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Truex MJ, VR Vermeul, RD Mackley, BG Fritz, DP Mendoza, CD Johnson, RP Elmore, FJ Brockman, and CL Bilskis. 2008. Hanford 100-D Area Biostimulation Soluble Substrate Field Test: Interim Data Summary for the Substrate Injection and Process Monitoring Phases of the Field TestPNNL-17619, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vermeul VR, JS Fruchter, BG Fritz, RD Mackley, DM Wellman, and MD Williams. 2008. "In-Situ Uranium Stabilization Through Polyphosphate Injection: Pilot-Scale Treatability Test at the 300 Area, Hanford Site - 8187." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, pp. 1-13.  Arizona Board of Regent, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Wellman DM, EM Pierce, EL Richards, JS Fruchter, and VR Vermeul. 2008. "Uranium Plume Treatability Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area: Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In-Situ Stabilization of Uranium - 8070." In Waste Management 2008: HLW, TRU, LLW/ILW, Mixed, Hazardous Wastes & Environmental Management, pp. 1-15.  Arizona Board of Regents, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Wellman DM, EM Pierce, DH Bacon, M Oostrom, KM Gunderson, SM Webb, CC Bovaird, EA Cordova, ET Clayton, KE Parker, RM Ermi, SR Baum, VR Vermeul, and JS Fruchter. 2008. 300 Area Treatability Test: Laboratory Development of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology for In Situ Treatment of Uranium Contamination in the Vadose Zone and Capillary FringePNNL-17818, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Wellman DM, EM Pierce, VR Vermeul, SV Mattigod, EL Richards, MD Williams, JS Fruchter, and JP Icenhower. 2008. "In Situ Uranium Stabilization through Polyphosphate Remediation: Development and Demonstration at the Hanford Site 300 Area, Washington State." In Waste Management Research Trends, ed. Toma Golush, pp. 25-103.  Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, NY. 
  • Williams MD, BG Fritz, DP Mendoza, ML Rockhold, PD Thorne, YL Xie, BN Bjornstad, RD Mackley, DR Newcomer, JE Szecsody, and VR Vermeul. 2008. Interim Report: 100-NR-2 Apatite Treatability Test: Low Concentration Calcium Citrate-Phosphate Solution Injection for In Situ Strontium-90 ImmobilizationPNNL-17429, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 





  • Fruchter JS, VR Vermeul, MD Williams, and JE Szecsody. 2004. "In Situ Redox Manipulation for Treatment of Chromium-Contaminated Groundwater." In Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds: The Fourth International Conference Proceedings, pp. 4C-12.  Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH. 
  • Szecsody JE, JS Fruchter, MD Williams, VR Vermeul, and DS Sklarew. 2004. "In Situ Chemical Reduction of Aquifer Sediments: Enhancement of Reactive Iron Phases and TCE Dechlorination." Environmental Science and Technology 38(17):4656-4663. 


  • Scheibe TD, CJ Murray, YL Xie, MD Williams, CR Cole, VR Vermeul, and MP Bergeron. 2003. "Temporal and Spatial Weighting of Head and Concentration Observations for a Large-Scale Transient Inverse Model." In Proceedings of Modflow and More 2003: Understanding through Modeling, pp. 610-614.  Colorado School of Mines, International Ground Water Modeling Center, Golden, CO. 
  • Vermeul VR, MP Bergeron, CR Cole, CJ Murray, WE Nichols, TD Scheibe, PD Thorne, SR Waichler, and YL Xie. 2003. Transient Inverse Calibration of the Site-Wide Groundwater Flow Model (ACM-2): FY03 Progress Report PNNL-14398, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Vermeul VR, MD Williams, JE Szecsody, JS Fruchter, CR Cole, and JE Amonette. 2002. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Reactive Barrier Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." Chapter 6 in Handbook of Groundwater Remediation using Permeable Reactive Barriers: Applications to Radionuclides, Trace Metals, and Nutrients, ed. David L. Naftz, et al, pp. 163-192.  Academic Press, San Diego, CA. 



  • Fruchter JS, CR Cole, MD Williams, VR Vermeul, JE Amonette, JE Szecsody, JD Istok, and MD Humphrey. 2000. "Creation of a Subsurface Permeable Treatment Zone for Aqueous Chromate Contaminatioin Using In Situ Redox Manipulation." Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation 20(2):66-77. 
  • Szecsody JE, MD Williams, JS Fruchter, VR Vermeul, JC Evans, and DS Sklarew. 2000. "Influence of sediment reduction on TCE degradation." In Chemical Oxidation and Reactive Barriers; Remediation of Chlorinated and Racalcitrant Compounds, ed. GD Wickramanayake, AR Gavaskar & ASC Chen, pp. 369-376.  Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. 
  • Vermeul VR, MD Williams, JC Evans, JR, JE Szecsody, BN Bjornstad, and TL Liikala. 2000. In Situ Redox Manipulation Proof-of-Principle Test at the Fort Lewis Logistics Center: Final ReportPNNL-13357, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Williams MD, VR Vermeul, JE Szecsody, and JS Fruchter. 2000. 100-D Area In Situ Redox Treatability Test for Chromate-Contaminated GroundwaterPNNL-13349, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 



Additional Information