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Applied Geology and Geochemistry

Christopher Strickland

Christopher Strickland

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352


Dr. Strickland's research at the laboratory centers on using geophysical methods for subsurface characterization and monitoring.

Research Interests

  • Wave propagation simulation and full-waveform inversion methods
  • Joint hydrological and geophysical inversion
  • Field-scale seismic and electromagnetic monitoring
  • Sensor development for subsurface monitoring

Education and Credentials

  • B.S., Applied and Computational Mathematical Sciences, University of Washington, 2001
  • M.S., Chemical Physics, Washington State University, 2007
  • Ph.D., Geophysics, Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, 2015

Affiliations and Professional Service

PNNL Publications


  • Bonneville AH, T Cladouhos, KK Rose, A Schultz, CE Strickland, and S Urquhart. 2017. "Improved image of intrusive bodies at Newberry Volcano, Oregon, based on 3D gravity modelling." In Proceedings, 42nd Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, February 11-15, 2017, Stanford, California, pp. Paper No. SGP-TR-212.  Stanford University, STANFORD, CA. 
  • Zhang Z, CE Strickland, and SO Link. 2017. "Design and Performance Evaluation of a 1000-year Evapotranspiration-Capillary Surface Barrier." Journal of Environmental Management 187:31-42.  doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.11.007
  • Gao Z, E Russell, JE Missik, M Huang, X Chen, CE Strickland, RE Clayton, EV Arntzen, Y Ma, and H Liu. 2017. "A novel approach to evaluate soil heat flux calculation: An analytical review of nine methods." Journal of Geophysical Research. D. (Atmospheres) 122(13):6934-3649.  doi:10.1002/2017JD027160
  • Truex MJ, JE Szecsody, N Qafoku, CE Strickland, JJ Moran, BD Lee, MMV Snyder, AR Lawter, CT Resch, BN Gartman, L Zhong, MK Nims, DL Saunders, BD Williams, JA Horner, II Leavy, SR Baum, BB Christiansen, RE Clayton, EM McElroy, D Appriou, KJ Tyrrell, and ML Striluk. 2017. Contaminant Attenuation and Transport Characterization of 200-DV-1 Operable Unit Sediment SamplesPNNL-26208; RPT-DVZ-AFRI-037, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Gilmore TJ, AH Bonneville, EC Sullivan, ME Kelley, D Appriou, VR Vermeul, SK White, Z Zhang, BN Bjornstad, F Cornet, JL Gerst, N Gupta, G Hund, JA Horner, GV Last, DC Lanigan, M Oostrom, C McNeil, MA Moody, ML Rockhold, ML Elliott, FA Spane, CE Strickland, LL Swartz, PD Thorne, CF Brown, J Hoffmann, and KK Humphreys, JR. 2016. "Characterization and Design of the FutureGen 2.0 Carbon Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 53:1-10.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.07.022
  • Oostrom M, MJ Truex, GV Last, CE Strickland, and GD Tartakovsky. 2016. "Evaluation of Deep Vadose Zone Contaminant Flux into Groundwater: Approach and Case Study." Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 189:27-43.  doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2016.03.002
  • Vermeul VR, JE Amonette, CE Strickland, MD Williams, and A Bonneville. 2016. "An Overview of the Monitoring Program Design for the FutureGen 2.0 CO2 Storage Site." International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 51:193-206.  doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.05.023



  • Strickland CE, VR Vermeul, A Bonneville, EC Sullivan, TC Johnson, FA Spane, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "Geophysical Monitoring Methods Evaluation for the FutureGen 2.0 project." Energy Procedia 63:4394-4403.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.474
  • Sullivan EC, BA Hardage, CE Strickland, A Bonneville, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "Application of three component VSP technology at seismically difficult sites: An example from the FutureGen 2.0 site, Morgan County, Illinois, USA." Energy Procedia 63:5051-5062.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.535
  • Szecsody JE, L Zhong, JN Thomle, VR Vermeul, CE Strickland, MD Williams, J Liu, JP McKinley, ME Bowden, TJ Gilmore, EER Eisenhauer, and F Colwell. 2014. "Influence of scCO2 Injection on Precipitation and Metals Migration, and Changes in Electrical Resistivity." Energy Procedia 63:3285-3292.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.356
  • Truex MJ, CE Strickland, CD Johnson, TC Johnson, RE Clayton, and GB Chronister. 2014. Deep Vadose Zone Treatability Test for the Hanford Central Plateau: Interim Post-Desiccation Monitoring Results, Fiscal Year 2014PNNL-23731, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Vermeul VR, CE Strickland, PD Thorne, BN Bjornstad, RD Mackley, ME Kelley, EC Sullivan, MD Williams, JE Amonette, JL Downs, BG Fritz, JE Szecsody, A Bonneville, and TJ Gilmore. 2014. "FutureGen 2.0 Monitoring Program: An Overview of the Monitoring Approach and Technologies Selected for Implementation." Energy Procedia 63:4062-4070.  doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.438


  • Liu Z, M Flury, ZF Zhang, JB Harsh, GW Gee, CE Strickland, and RE Clayton. 2013. "Transport of Europium Colloids in Vadose Zone Lysimeters at the Semiarid Hanford Site." Environmental Science & Technology 47(5):2153-2160. 
  • Truex MJ, TC Johnson, CE Strickland, JE Peterson, and SS Hubbard. 2013. "Monitoring Vadose Zone Desiccation with Geophysical Methods." Vadose Zone Journal 12(2):, doi:10.2136/vzj2012.0147
  • Truex MJ, M Oostrom, CE Strickland, TC Johnson, CD Johnson, RE Clayton, and GB Chronister. 2013. Deep Vadose Zone Treatability Test for the Hanford Central Plateau: Interim Post-Desiccation Monitoring ResultsPNNL-22826, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 


  • Zhang ZF, CE Strickland, JG Field, DL Parker, and RE Clayton. 2012. "Evaluating the Performance of a Surface Barrier on Reducing Soil-Water Flow ." Vadose Zone Journal 11(3):Article No. 0117.  doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0117
  • Oostrom M, TW Wietsma, CE Strickland, VL Freedman, and MJ Truex. 2012. "Sensor and numerical simulator evaluation for porous medium desiccation and rewetting at the intermediate laboratory scale." Vadose Zone Journal 11(1):Article No. 0089.  doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0089
  • Truex MJ, M Oostrom, CE Strickland, GB Chronister, MW Benecke, and CD Johnson. 2012. "Field-Scale Assessment of Desiccation Implementation for Deep Vadose Zone Contaminants." Vadose Zone Journal 11(4):, doi:10.2136/vzj2011.0144
  • Truex MJ, M Oostrom, CE Strickland, TC Johnson, VL Freedman, CD Johnson, WJ Greenwood, AL Ward, RE Clayton, MJ Lindberg, JE Peterson, S Hubbard, GB Chronister, and MW Benecke. 2012. Deep Vadose Zone Treatability Test for the Hanford Central Plateau: Soil Desiccation Pilot Test ResultsPNNL-21369, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 



  • Zhang ZF, CE Strickland, JG Field, and DL Parker. 2010. T Tank Farm Interim Surface Barrier Demonstration - Vadose Zone Monitoring FY09 ReportPNNL-19123, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Zhang ZF, CE Strickland, JG Field, and DL Parker. 2010. T-TY Tank Farm Interim Surface Barrier Demonstration-Vadose Zone Monitoring PlanPNNL-19772, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Slater L, D Ntarlagiannis, FD Day-Lewis, K Mwakanyamale, RJ Versteeg, AL Ward, CE Strickland, CD Johnson, and JW Lane. 2010. "Use of Electrical Imaging and Distributed Temperature Sensing Methods to Characterize Surface Water-Groundwater Exchange Regulating Uranium Transport at the Hanford 300 Area, Washington." Water Resources Research 46(10):Paper No. W10533.  doi:10.1029/2010WR009110
  • Strickland CE, AL Ward, WP Clement, and KE Draper. 2010. "Engineered Surface Barrier Monitoring Using Ground-Penetrating Radar, Time-Domain Reflectometry, and Neutron-Scattering Techniques." Vadose Zone Journal 9(2):415-423.  doi:10.2136/vzj2009.0008






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