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Applied Geology and Geochemistry

R Jeffrey Serne

R Jeffrey Serne

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
PO Box 999
Richland, WA 99352

Biography

Jeff Serne is a staff scientist who joined Battelle in 1969. Since then, he has worked primarily on solidified waste-groundwater reactions, soil-waste water interactions, sediment sorption-desorption phenomena, radioactive waste disposal and contaminated soil remediation processes and nuclear waste stabilization and solidification processes with emphasis on grout formulation and leach testing. His work has involved developing mathematical predictor equations to evaluate the migration potential of contaminants; and investigating through laboratory experiments and field studies the mechanisms of waste form and contaminated soil leaching, of sediment and soil-water adsorption-desorption, precipitation and sequestration of trace contaminants with emphasis on radionuclides and regulated trace metals.

Research Interests

  • Contaminant geochemistry (fate and transport)
  • Vadose zone characterization
  • Waste Disposal & Long-term Performance Assessment
  • Grout Waste Form Optimization and Long-term Testing

Education and Credentials

  • B.S. Oceanography, University of Washington, 1969
  • B.S. Chemistry, University of Washington, 1969
  • Graduated Magna Cum Laude

Affiliations and Professional Service

  • American Chemical Society
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Geological Institute
  • Materials Research Society

PNNL Publications

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

  • Chang HS, W Um, KA Rod, RJ Serne, A Thompson, N Perdrial, CI Steefel, and J Chorover. 2011. "Strontium and cesium release mechanisms during unsaturated flow through waste-weathered Hanford sediments ." Environmental Science & Technology 45(19):8313-9320.  doi:10.1021/es2010368
  • Deutsch WJ, KJ Cantrell, KM Krupka, MJ Lindberg, and RJ Serne. 2011. "Hanford tank residual waste - contaminant source terms and release models." Applied Geochemistry 26(9-10):1681- 1693.  doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.04.025
  • Golovich EC, DM Wellman, RJ Serne, and CC Bovaird. 2011. Summary of Uranium Solubility Studies in Concrete Waste Forms and Vadose Zone EnvironmentsPNNL-20726, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Pires RP, JH Westsik, Jr, RJ Serne, SV Mattigod, EC Golovich, MM Valenta, and KE Parker. 2011. Secondary Waste Form Screening Test Results-THORŪ Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming Product in a Geopolymer Matrix PNNL-20551, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Serne RJ, and JH Westsik, Jr. 2011. Data Package for Secondary Waste Form Down-Selection-Cast StonePNNL-20706, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Um W, HS Chang, JP Icenhower, WW Lukens, RJ Serne, N Qafoku, JH Westsik, Jr, EC Buck, and SC Steven. 2011. "Immobilization of 99-Technetium (VII) by Fe(II)-Goethite and Limited Reoxidation." Environmental Science & Technology 45(11):4904-4913.  doi:10.1021/es104343p
  • Um W, MM Valenta, CW Chung, J Yang, MH Engelhard, RJ Serne, KE Parker, G Wang, KJ Cantrell, and JH Westsik, Jr. 2011. Radionuclide Retention Mechanisms in Secondary Waste-Form Testing: Phase II PNNL-20753, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2010

2009

  • Brown CF, RJ Serne, JG Catalano, KM Krupka, and JP Icenhower. 2009. "Mineralization of contaminant uranium and leach rates in sediments from Hanford, Washington." Applied Geochemistry 25(1):97-104.  doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.10.005
  • Um W, RJ Serne, GV Last, and ET Glossbrenner. 2009. "The effect of gravel size fraction on the distribution coefficients of selected radionuclides radionuclides ." Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 107(1-2):82-90. 
  • Um W, RJ Serne, GV Last, RE Clayton, and ET Glossbrenner. 2009. "The effect of gravel size fraction on the distribution coefficients of selected radionuclides." Journal of Contaminant Hydrology 107(1-2):82-90.  doi:10.1016/j.jconhyd.2009.04.003
  • Ward AL, RJ Serne, and MW Benecke. 2009. "Development of a Conceptual Model for Vadose Zone Transport of Tc-99 at Hanford's BC Cribs and the Screening of Remedial Alternatives." In Waste Management 2009: Waste Management for the Nuclear Renaissance, March 1-5, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona, p. Paper No. 9458.  WM Symposia, Tucson, AZ. 
  • Serne RJ, AL Ward, W Um, BN Bjornstad, DF Rucker, DC Lanigan, and MW Benecke. 2009. Electrical Resistivity Correlation to Vadose Zone Sediment and Pore-Water Composition for the BC Cribs and Trenches AreaPNNL-17821, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Um W, MJ Truex, MM Valenta, C Iovin, IV Kutnyakov, H Chang, RE Clayton, RJ Serne, AL Ward, CF Brown, KN Geiszler, ET Clayton, SR Baum, and DM Smith. 2009. Characterization of Sediments from the Soil Desiccation Pilot Test (SDPT) Site in the BC Cribs and Trenches AreaPNNL-18800, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Um W, Z Wang, RJ Serne, BD Williams, CF Brown, CJ Dodge, and AROKIASAMYJ FRANCIS. 2009. "Uranium Phases in Contaminated Sediments Below Hanford's U Tank Farm ." Environmental Science & Technology 43(12):4280-4286.  doi:10.1021/es900203r

2008

2007

2006

2005

  • Brown CF, RJ Serne, HT Schaef, BA Williams, MM Valenta, VL LeGore, MJ Lindberg, KN Geiszler, SR Baum, IV Kutnyakov, TS Vickerman, and RE Clayton. 2005. Investigation of Accelerated Casing Corrosion in Two Wells at Waste Management Area A-AXPNNL-15141, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Brown CF, RJ Serne, KM Krupka, EM Pierce, and MJ Lindberg. 2005. "Uranium Contamination at the 300 Area of the Hanford Site." In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments (New Orleans, Louisiana; Jan 24-27, 2005), ed. Olfenbuttel, Robert F.; White, P.J., pp. B4-08.  Battelle Press, Columbus, OH. 
  • Um W, and RJ Serne. 2005. "Sorption and transport behavior of radionuclides in the proposed low-level radioactive waste repository at the Hanford site, Washington." Radiochimica Acta 93(1):57-63.  doi:10.1524/ract.93.1.57.58295
  • Um W, RJ Serne, SB Yabusaki, and AT Owen. 2005. "Enhanced radionuclide immobilization and flow path modifications by dissolution and secondary precipitates ." Journal of Environmental Quality 34(4):1404-1414.  doi:10.2134/jeq2004.0395
  • Mattigod SV, GE Fryxell, KL Alford, TJ Gilmore, KE Parker, RJ Serne, and MH Engelhard. 2005. "Functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles for use for in-situ anion immobilization." Environmental Science and Technology 39(18):7306-7310. 
  • Pierce EM, JP Icenhower, RJ Serne, and JG Catalano. 2005. "EXPERIMENTAL DETERMINATION OF UO2(cr) DISSOLUTION KINETICS: EFFECTS OF SOLUTION SATURATION STATE and pH." Journal of Nuclear Materials 345(2-3):206-218. 
  • Um W, RJ Serne, BN Bjornstad, HT Schaef, CF Brown, VL Legore, KN Geiszler, SR Baum, MM Valenta, IV Kutnyakov, TS Vickerman, and MJ Lindberg. 2005. Characterization of 200-UP-1 Aquifer Sediments and Results of Sorption-Desorption Tests Using Spiked Uncontaminated GroundwaterPNNL-15502, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 

2004

  • Krupka KM, RJ Serne, and DI Kaplan. 2004. Geochemical Data Package for the 2005 Hanford Integrated Disposal Facility Performance Assessment PNNL-13037 Rev. 2, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Um W, RJ Serne, and KM Krupka. 2004. "Linearity and Reversibility of Iodide Adsorption on Sediments from Hanford, Washington Under Water Saturated Conditions." Water Research 38(8):2009-2016. 
  • Chorover J, P Rotenberg, and RJ Serne. 2004. "Mineral Formation and Radionuclide Sorption in Waste Impacted Hanford Sediments ." In Eleventh International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction. WRI-11, June 27-July 2, 2004, Saratoga Springs, New York, USA, vol. 1, pp. 675-678.  A. A. Balkema Publishers, New York, NY. 
  • Mattigod SV, GA Whyatt, RJ Serne, and MI Wood. 2004. "Diffusion of iodine and Technetium-99 through waste encasement concrete and unsaturated soil fill material." In Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XXVIII. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 824, ed. John M. Hanchar, Simcha Stores-Gascoyne, Lauren Browning, pp. 391-398.  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 
  • Pierce EM, BP McGrail, EA Rodriguez, HT Schaef, P Saripalli, RJ Serne, KM Krupka, PF Martin, SR Baum, KN Geiszler, LR Reed, and WJ Shaw. 2004. Waste Form Release Data Package for the 2005 Integrated Disposal Facility Performance AssessmentPNNL-14805, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Serne RJ, BN Bjornstad, DG Horton, DC Lanigan, CW Lindenmeier, MJ Lindberg, RE Clayton, VL LeGore, KN Geiszler, SR Baum, MM Valenta, IV Kutnyakov, TS Vickerman, RD Orr, and CF Brown. 2004. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediments Below the T Tank Farm: Boreholes C4104, C4105, 299-W10-196 and RCRA Borehole 299-W11-39PNNL-14849, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Serne RJ, BN Bjornstad, DG Horton, DC Lanigan, CW Lindenmeier, MJ Lindberg, RE Clayton, VL LeGore, RD Orr, IV Kutnyakov, SR Baum, KN Geiszler, MM Valenta, and TS Vickerman. 2004. Characterization of Vadose Zone Sediments Below the TX Tank Farm: Probe Holes C3830, C3831, C3832 and 299-W10-27PNNL-14594, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Um W, RJ Serne, SB Yabusaki, VL Freedman, SD Samson, and KL Nagy. 2004. "The role of secondary mineral precipitates on radionuclide sequestration at the Hanford Site." In Proceedings of the eleventh international symposium Water-Rock Interaction, WRI-11, vol. 1, ed. RB Wanty and RR Seal, pp. 715-718.  AA Balkema, Leiden, NY. 
  • Wan J, TK Tokunaga, JT Larsen, and RJ Serne. 2004. "Geochemical evolution of highly alkaline and saline tank waste plumes during seepage through vadose zone sediments." Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 68(3):491-502. 

2003

2002

2001

2000

  • Serne RJ, and DI Kaplan. 2000. Geochemical Data Package for the Hanford Immobilized Low-Activity Tank Waste Performance Assessment (ILAWPA)PNNL-13037, REV. 1, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Kaplan DI, RJ Serne, KE Parker, and IV Kutnyakov. 2000. "Iodide sorption to subsurface sediments and illitic minerals." Environmental Science and Technology 34(3):399-405 . 
  • Kincaid CT, MP Bergeron, CR Cole, MD Freshley, VG Johnson, DI Kaplan, RJ Serne, GP Streile, DL Strenge, PD Thorne, LW Vail, GA Whyatt, and SK Wurstner. 2000. "Composite Analysis for Low-Level Waste Disposal in the 200 Area Plateau of the Hanford Site, Southeast Washington." In Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment: Recent Achievements in Environmental Fate and Transport Vol. 9; STP 1381, ed. Fred T. Price, Kevin V Brix, and Nancy K. Lane, pp. 104 - 117.  Am. Soc. For Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA. 

1999

  • Meyer PD, and RJ Serne. 1999. Near-field Hydrology Data Package for the Immobilized Low-Activity Waste 2001 Performance AssessmentPNNL-13035, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA. 
  • Serne RJ, CW Lindenmeier, KJ Cantrell, and AT Owen. 1999. "Effects of reactor decontamination complexing agents on soil adsorption-column studies." In Scientific Basis For Nuclear Waste Management XXII, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 556, ed. D.J. Wronkiewicz and J.H. Lee, pp. 1043-1049 .  Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA. 

Geosciences

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